It becomes easy to understand what are the different types of motion in Physics if the basic concept of motion is understood. When we think of motion, there are a few questions that we seek answers for. Like is it the train or the trees that move? How to decide if the object is moving or not? Almost all living beings are in motion. But there are a few objects that move from one position to the other but they don’t seem to be moving like the earth.

What is motion?
Motion is the change in the position of the object with respect to the object’s surrounding in a given time interval. The other terms used to describe motion mathematically are velocity,  acceleration, displacement, time and speed.

Following are the types of motion that are studied in Physics
Rotatory motion: The type of motion that happens around a fixed axis is known as rotatory motion. The object rotates around an infinite number of imaginary lines known as rotation axes. Example of rotatory motion is spinning of the top about its axis.

Periodic motion: Periodic motion is defined as the type of motion occurring at a fixed period of time. The motion of the pendulum and table fans are examples of periodic motion. Other examples of periodic motion are swing movement, the vibration of strings.

Linear motion: Linear motion is a type of motion such that the object moves in a straight line. Examples of linear motion are cylinders in electric, hydraulic or pneumatic options. Linear motion finds application in various fields like automation, manufacturing and robotics.
Irregular motion: This is a type of motion in which there is no fixed pattern followed by the object. Example of irregular motion is flying of bees.

Stay tuned with BYJU’S to learn about other Physics related concepts like inelastic collision, photoelectric effect, dielectric constant etc.